Review of how to form unstressed vowel "er": Make a circle with your lips and feel your lower jaw move slightly forward. The sides of your tongue should press against your upper side teeth toward the back of your mouth. Raise the tip of your tongue up toward the roof of your mouth, making sure it does not touch anything. The unstressed vowel "er" occurs in an unstressed syllable. The vowel "er" and consonant "r" are formed the same way, with one exception: the tongue is more relaxed for vowel "er" and more tense for consonant "r".
Illustration of correct lip placement Illustration of correct tongue placement
Practice the following words. 1. mother 2. father 3. sister 4. brother 5. computer 6. teacher 7. doctor 8. driver 9. printer 10. instructor
Practice the following sentences.
My mother wants to visit Italy.
I asked your father to come with us.
Is your sister going to the movies?
Why can’t your brother drive the car?
I bought anothercomputer.
John’s philosophy teacher has been ill.
Your friend is a bad driver.
Let’s go and see the doctor.
I don’t like that instructor.
Practice the following paragraph. With a learner’s permit at age fifteen, a person is considered a student driver. The student driver can only drive with family members, such as his mother, father, brother or sister, if they are over twenty one years of age. After taking driving classes, the student driver goes out driving with a formal driving instructor. The instructor makes sure the student driver follows the rules of the road, maintains the speed limit, and avoids a heavy foot while driving. If all goes well, the student driver will pass his driving test and get his license when he is about sixteen years old.
Idiom: a heavy foot Definition: drive faster than the speed limit