1. Words that end with a voiced sound other than “z” add an “s” to form the plural. The “s” sound says “zzz.” Voiced consonants include the following: b, d, g, v, th, zh, m, n, ng, w, l r
All vowel sounds are voiced and include the following: ae, eh, ih, ee, ay, uh, aw, er, oh, u, oo Pronunciation tip: To help you remember how to achieve vocing at the end of a word, follow this pronunciation tip: When a word ends in a voiced sound, you must slightly prolong the vowel just before the ending. This helps the listener identify the plural ending of the word as the "z" sound, rather than the "s" sound. Example Singular: bag: "I carry one bag." Plural: bags: "I carry three bags."
Practice the following sentences. 1. I bought three new rugs for my apartment. 2. Three days ago, I saw two dogs in my yard. 3. Yesterday, I saw two girls playing with their dolls. 4. Children love to swing on swings at the park. 5. I have to buy some new clothes.
2. Words that end with an unvoiced consonant sound other than “s” add an “s” for form the plural. The “s” says “sss.”
Unvoiced consonant sounds include the following: p, k, t, f, sh, th
Pronunciation tip: To help you understand how to pronounce this ending correctly, follow this pronunciation tip. When a word ends with an unvoiced consonant sound, you do not need to prolong the vowel that comes just before it. The vowel that comes just before it sounds shorter or quicker than when a voiced sound is at the end. This helps the "s" sound like "s" rather than "z."
Example Singular: coat: "I bought a new coat." Plural: coats: "I bought two new coats."
Practice the following sentences. 1. I need to buy some skirts at the mall. 2. The cups and plates fell on the floor. 3. Did you see all those cats? 4. Let’s go and fly our kites at the park. 5. My town has two new parks.
3. Words that end with the letter “s” or “z” add “es” to form the plural. The “es” always says “iz.”
Because the ending sounds like "iz", that voiced "z" sound means that you will prolong the vowel sound just before it, which is "ih". If you say the "ih" too quickly, the
Example Singular: house: "She has a beautiful house." Plural: houses: "She has two beautiful houses."
Practice the following sentences. 1. Could you pick up those boxes? 2. I like feeling cool breezes on my face. 3. Her sneezes are very loud! 4. Their noses are red from the cold. 5. I need to buy new water hoses.
4. Words that end with “ch”, “sh”, and the "dg"/"j" add “es” to form the plural. Words that end with "ch", "sh" and "dg" follow the same rule as words that end in “s” or “z”. Add "es" and pronounce the “es” ending like “iz.”
Examples Singular: badge: "I have a gold badge." Plural: badges: "I have two gold badges."
Singular: watch: "She bought a new watch." Plural: watches: "She bought two new watches."
Singular: bush: "Please trim the bush." Plural: bushes: "Please trim all the bushes."
Practice the following sentences. 1. He threw trash in the bushes. 2. The judges came into the courtroom 3. Five new churches were built in our town. 4. I have seen too many car crashes. 5. The branches of the tree were broken.
Here are some exercises for you to complete at home
First, form the plural for each word below, then practice saying it correctly using the pronunciation tips above.
Second, construct a sentence using both the singular and plural form of each word below. Then, practice saying each sentence, focusing on pronouncing the singular and plural words correctly.
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