Click on the arrows below to follow along with each section provided.
A “regular” verb refers to a verb that follows the rules of the English language. When forming the past tense, it means that you will add an “ed” at the end of it. This is true for every regular verb.
The “ed” ending in English actually has three different pronunciations: these are “d”, “t”, and “id”. The pronunciation is determined by the sound with which the verb ends, not the letter that it ends with, but the sound.
Follow these guidelines to help you pronounce the “ed” ending on regular verbs correctly.
1. For regular past tense verbs ending in an unvoiced consonant sound other than "t", the "ed" sounds like "t." Unvoiced consonant sounds include: "k", "p", "s", unvoiced "th", "f", "sh", "ch".
Let's look at the following example:"lock": The verb "lock" ends with the "k" sound, which is an unvoiced consonant sound. To form the past tense of this verb, add "ed" at the end and pronounce it like "locked."
"The man locked his keys in his car."
Practice saying the following regular past tense verbs rocked washed kissed passed locked riffed sniffed raced biked popped ripped fished shopped kicked puffed
Practice the following sentences, paying special attention to the /t/ ending on the regular past tense verb. 1. I locked my car when I got home. 2. My son washed his clothes. 3. We rocked in the rocking chair. 4. The pink balloon popped. 5. The kids raced to the finish line. 6. The mother kissed her daughter goodnight. 7. My sister and I shopped all afternoon. 8. Last fall, we biked to the lake. 9. Her face puffed up from her allergy.
Practice the following paragraph, focusing on pronouncing the /t/ at the end of the regular past tense verbs. The past tense verbs are underlined for your convenience. Matt always helped his mother whenever he could. In the fall he raked the leaves and fixed the broken pieces of fence in the yard. In the winter he helped with the grocery shopping. He pushed the shopping cart around the store, while his mother picked out the items they needed. He also went around the neighborhood with his shovel and asked his neighbors if they needed their driveways shoveled. He always looked like he was working hard and earned lots of extra money for his efforts. Matt was one of those people who pushed himself to do better. Wouldn’t it be nice if every child were that ambitious!
2. For any regular past tense verbs ending in a voiced sound, which includes vowels, diphthongs, and voiced consonants other than "d", the "ed" is pronounced like "d." Vowels include: "ae", "ih", "ay", "eh", "ih", "er", "uh", "oh", "oo", "u" Diphthongs include: "or", "ar", "air", "eye", "you", "ow", "oy" Voiced consonants include: "g", "b", voiced "th", "zh", "z" "dg", "m", "n", "ng", "l", "z",
Let's take a look at the following example "hug": The verb "hug" ends with the "g" sound, which is a voiced consonant sounds. To form the past tense of this verb, add "ed" and pronounce it like "hugged." "The mother hugged her baby."
Practice saying the following regular past tense verbs bugged toyed tried stayed bathed cooled robbed arrived roared packaged called captured turned logged explained
Practice the following sentences, paying special attention to the /d/ ending on the regular past tense verbs. 1. We stayed with our friends. 2. The thief robbed the bank at gunpoint. 3. I wondered where you were. 4. Mary’s mother warned her about that. 5. The police captured the criminal. 6. They arrived at 5pm. 7. The lion at the zoo roared loudly. 8. I cooled the cake for 10 minutes. 9. Anne’s boyfriend called her constantly. 10. My manager explained the project.
Practice the following paragraph, focusing on the "d" ending on the regular past tense verbs. The verbs are underlined for you. During the holiday season, the kids in my family always packaged the gifts for our relatives. We used beautiful red and green paper and tied ribbons around each box. Amy loved the way the gifts looked when they were done and wondered if anything else could ever look that beautiful. Andy only wrapped gifts with red paper and ribbon and warned everyone else not to use it. He was very picky about which kind of wrapping materials he used. It didn’t really matter to me which paper and ribbons I used because I just enjoyed creating the pretty packages. Now that I am grown, I look back on those times and smile every time I think about them.
3. When a regular past tense verb ends with a "t" or "d" sound, the "ed" is pronounced like "id". Verbs ending with "t" and "d" are discussed separately because do not follow the same pronunciation rules as other final sounds. These verbs add "ed", but the "ed" is pronounced like "id." This pronunciation only occurs with verbs ending with the "t" and "d" sounds.
Let's look at the following examples "land": The verb "land" ends with the "d" sound. To form the past tense of this verb, add "ed" and pronounce it like "landed." The cat landed on its feet.
"hate": The verb "hate" ends with the "t" sound. Remember to focus on the last sound of the verb, and not the letter that you see. To form the past tense of this verb, add "ed" and pronounce it like "hated." "The little girl hated clowns."
Practice saying the following regular past tense verbs. beaded banded pointed created Lifted folded wanted nested Hated mended vested dented Melted pretended hunted listed
Practice the following sentences, paying special attention to the “id” pronunciation of the "ed" ending on the regular verbs. 1. The ice in the glass melted. 2. The woman hated to eat fish. 3. We beaded some necklaces at the park. 4. My daughter folded the clothes for me. 5. Everyone wanted ice cream. 6. The fire in the fireplace created a nice atmosphere. 7. My son dented the car. 8. Our house was listed in the paper. 9. My grandmother always mended her socks. 10. The hunters hunted for deer.
Practice the following paragraph, focusing on pronouncing the "ed" ending like id" at the end of the past tense verbs. The verbs have been underlined for you. Once I decided to go skiing for the first time, there was no turning back. My friends invited me to go with them one day after a big snowstorm. As we headed up to a nearby mountain, they all insisted on taking turns teaching me how to ski. When we arrived, I pointed to the steep slope and the chairlifts and created a horrifying image in my mind of me falling all the way down. Needless to say, I was petrified and just wanted to go home. My friends saw my scared look and assured me that everything would be fine. They stayed with me the entire day and lifted my spirits. By the time we left the mountain, I concluded that skiing was actually a fun sport.
Exercises for you to do at home by yourself Please note that there is no audio for these, as these are exercises you will be doing by yourself. Feel free to send me your recordings at email@example.com for feedback.
1. Form the regular past tense with each of the verbs below, and then practicing pronouncing them correctly. manage climb encourage banish direct notice desire amend intend entertain squint finish interpret yell determine complete
2. Read the following short story and see if you can find all the errors in the regular past tense verbs. Yesterday I went shopping at the mall. I need to get a new sweater for a party, but was having a hard time finding the right one. Every time I went shopping, I could never find anything that look right. Today I looked in one store, but there weren’t any sweaters I like. I stop at a second store that was having lots of sales, and pick out a pretty red one. Excited, I went into the dressing room and try on the sweater. It really looks great, I thought, so I decide to buy it. On my way home, I called my husband to tell him about my great bargain. He was so surprise!