When speaking English, Americans often change or shorten certain words they say that occur very frequently in their daily speech. Sometimes they are small, unstressed words that do not affect the meaning of sentences much, but are needed to make sentences grammatically correct.
One of the words that is often shortened is the word “and.” The word “and” occurs as a connecting word: 1. It connects the last item in a list of words. For example: milk, eggs, and bread
2. It connects the last phrase in a list of phrases. For example: in the park, in the house, and in the yard
3. It also connects sentences together. For example: I am going to work, and then I am going out for dinner.
You will hear many Americans shorten the word “and” by omitting the final “d” sound. This makes it sound like “an”. Sometimes, the vowel is said even more quickly, so that “and” ends up sounding more like “in" instead of "an."
Practice the following sentences using the audio as a pronunciation guide. Pronounce the word “and” like “an” or “in”.
My mother and father are coming to visit me, but not until January.
I bought one book and five magazines at the bookstore and gave them to my husband.
My sisters and brothers are going out for lunch, and I’m going to join them.
Can Andy and Janet come with us and go to the movies?
You and your brother can go out tonight and see your friends.
My father and I love to watch movies, and we rent them often.
Yesterday my son and daughter were arguing, and I had to tell them to stop.
I like playing tennis and racquetball and am very good at both.
Sometimes my husband and I enjoy gardening in the summer, and sometimes we prefer staying in and reading.
In the winter we enjoy outdoors sports, like skiing and ice skating.
Cheryl Posey, MS CCC-SLP firstname.lastname@example.org 774-212-3241 Copyright 2010-2019