Click on the arrows to follow along and practice the exercises provided in each section.
As previously stated, continuant sounds are sounds that can be prolonged until you run out of breath.
The continuant sounds include the following: /s/ as in “see” /z/ as in “zoo” “sh” as in “she” “zh” as in “beige” /f/ as in “four” /v/ as in “vet” voiced “th” as in “the” unvoiced “th” as in “think”
Continuant pairs (cognates) are sounds that are formed the same way, except for voicing. Pairs include: /s/ and /z/ /f/ and /v/ unvoiced “th” and voiced “th” “sh” and “zh”
1. Connecting two same continuants When a word ends with a continuant sound and the next word begins with the same sound, follow these general guidelines to connect them.
put the two words together
prolong the vowel before the final consonant
think of attaching the final consonant to the beginning of the next word
prolong the continuant sound
pronounce the words together
Practice connecting the following phrases “bus seven” sounds like “buh-seven” “mice see” sounds like “my-see” “sees zoo” sounds like “see-zoo” “five vets” sounds like “fi-vets” “bush should” sounds like “bu-should “both think” sounds like “bo-think”
Practice the following sentences. Word connections occur between the words in bold print.
Five very important customers just called.
Matt’s son came to visit.
Both think it’s a good idea.
My wife found my keys.
The cash should be right here.
If Fran wants to go now, we can leave.
Those books sound great.
Sue’s zoo is for petting animals.
Her stove very often breaks down.
I can go with them.
Listen to the following paragraph and then practice it by yourself. Try to mark the continuant sounds in words that are in bold print. In addition, practice marking final /d/ and /t/ sounds whenever appropriate during sentences. Five very long years ago, Miss Susan and her friends went on a hiking trip to a nearby mountain. They packed six separatebackpacks so they had enough food and water. All of the hikers wore gloves on their hands so they could push sharp thorny bushes out of their way as they climbed. Everyone wore appropriate clothing and was protected from mosquitoes zooming about. Once on foot, the ladies were ecstatic about their hike and couldn’t wait to stop for lunch at the top of the mountain. They walked and walked and walked and finally stopped to rest just before reaching the top’s summit. When they finally reached the top of the mountain, they walked with their hiking equipment to a beautiful spot overlooking the entire valley. There, the friends enjoyed a wonderful lunch and talked all afternoon.
2. Connecting continuants that are cognates
When connecting two continuants that are the same except for voicing, follow the same procedure as when connecting two same continuant sounds.Practice connecting the following phrases“girls sit” sounds like “girl-sit”“has some” sounds like “ha-some” “animals see” sounds like “animal-see”“beige shorts” sounds like “bay-shorts”“five fingers” sounds like “fi-fingers”. Look at hPractice the following sentences. Word connections occur between the words in bold print.
Anne’s sister is much older than she is.
Both the dog and the cat need shots.
The book costs five fifty.
That beige shirt looks nice on you.
Three out of four isn’t bad.
I saw signs somewhere down the road.
I bought a wreath that is pretty.
The bee hive fit inside the window.
Her rouge showed up too much on her cheeks.
The bath that she took was too cold.
Listen to the following paragraph and then practice it by yourself. Try to mark the final continuant sounds in the words in bold print. In addition, practice marking final /d/ and /t/ sounds whenever appropriate during sentences. Because summer is my favorite time of year, I always start planning my summer vacation in the cold, dreary winter. Usually, my plans start around November when the snow and ice still cause me headaches. By getting my mind off the bad weather, I can concentrate on happier times. Three out of four years now I have gone to the beach for my summer vacation, however this year I think I’ll do something different. Both the Great Lakes and Niagara Falls sound interesting. Spending five fabulous days at Yellowstone National Park also interests me. I’m glad I have a few months to think about it before I have to make a decision.
3. Connecting two different continuants
In most cases, when a word ends with a continuant sound and the next word begins with a different continuant sound, you will usually pronounce both of them. There are a few exceptions to this rule, however. You may connect a word that ends with /s/ or /z/ with a word that begins with “sh”. a. When connecting a word that ends with /s/ to a word that begins with “sh”, the /s/ is generally omitted. Examples “bus she” becomes “buh-she”“Matt’s shoe” becomes “Matt-shoe”“box she’s” becomes “bock-she’s” “books should” becomes “book-should”“hits sharp” becomes “hit-sharp”
Practice the following sentences. The words that should be connected are in bold print. Prolong the vowel that comes just before the final /s/ and drop the /s/ sound. The next sound you should say is “sh”.
The bus she drives is yellow.
I found Matt’s shoe.
That box she’s carrying looks heavy.
Those books should be on the shelf.
The boy hits sharp objects.
b. When connecting a word that ends with /z/ to a word that begins with “sh”, the /z/ changes to a quick “zh” before pronouncing the initial “sh”. Examples: “bees shouldn’t” becomes “bee-zhshouldn’t “roses she” becomes “roseh-zhshe” “Rosie’s shop” becomes “Rosie-zhshop” “noise Sharon” becomes “noi-zhSharon “she’s showing” becomes “she-zhshowing” Practice the following sentences. The words that should be connected are in bold print. Prolong the vowel that comes just before the final /z/. Change the final /z/ to a quick “zh” sound and then pronounce the initial “sh”.
Those bees shouldn’t be here.
The roses she received are beautiful.
Rosie’s shop is close by.
What a noise Sharon is making.
She’s showing off her new jewelry.
Listen to the following paragraph and then practice it by yourself. Try to mark the continuant sounds in bold print. In addition, practice marking final /d/ and /t/ sounds whenever appropriate during sentences.
Jess Sherman is boy who always does shopping for his mother. Every Monday after school, he rides swiftly on his bike to the corner store to pick up things she needs. He’s so thoughtful, that all the other mothers in the neighborhood are jealous! They wonder why their sons show such little interest in helping them around the house. When other kids seem to be busy watching TV or playing video games, Jess seems to enjoy doing chores so much.